Induction Heating System Topology Review

2013/4/8  Views

Tags: induction heating, induction heater, induction heating machine, Melting gold, gold melting, induction melting gold, induction gold melting furnace, induction heating equipment, high frequency heating

All IH (induction heating) applied systems are developed using electromagnetic induction which
was first discovered by Michael Faraday in 1831. Electromagnetic induction refers to the phenomenon
by which electric current is generated in a closed circuit by the fluctuation of current in
another circuit placed next to it. The basic principle of induction heating, which is an applied form
of Faraday’s discovery, is the fact that AC current flowing through a circuit affects the magnetic
movement of a secondary circuit located near it. The fluctuation of current inside the primary circuit
provided the answer as to how the mysterious current is generated in the neighboring secondary
circuit. Faraday’s discovery led to the development of electric motors, generators, transformers,
and wireless communications devices. Its application, however, has not been flawless. Heat loss,
which occurs during the induction heating process, was a major headache undermining the overall
functionality of a system. Researchers sought to minimize heat loss by laminating the magnetic
frames placed inside the motor or transformer. Faraday’s Law was followed by a series of more
advanced discoveries such as Lentz’s Law. This law explains the fact that inductive current flows
inverse to the direction of changes in induction magnetic movement.
Heat loss, occurring in the process of electromagnetic induction, could be turned into productive
heat energy in an electric heating system by applying this law. Many industries have benefited
from this new breakthrough by implementing induction heating for furnacing, quenching, and welding.
In these applications, induction heating has made it easier to set the heating parameters without
the need of an additional external power source. This substantially reduces heat loss while
maintaining a more convenient working environment. Absence of any physical contact to heating
devices precludes unpleasant electrical accidents. High energy density is achieved by generating
sufficient heat energy within a relatively short period of time.
The demand for better quality, safe and less energy consuming products is rising. Products using
IH include electronic rice cookers and pans. Safe, efficient and quick heating appliances attract
more customers. This document describes induction heating, power systems, and IH applications.

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